To combine, or not?
When it comes to Vulcan adjectives, there is often a combining form and a stand-alone form. But how do we know which one to use?
It’s quite simple, really. The combining form of an adjective changes the meaning of the noun.
Here are some examples where I have used the combining form vs. the stand-alone form of the verb (bolded):
Nesh-kur sehlat la. (The black sehlat is here)
Nesh-sehlat la. (The black-sehlat is here)
In the second sentence, the adjective is combined with the noun, changing the meaning of the noun. When “nesh-” is combined with the noun “sehlat” it implies that it is a specific species of sehlat. In the first sentence, the sehlat is simply black in color.
Wuh’rak ozh. (The first finger)
Wuhr-ozh. (The little-finger/pinky)
There are some other words that have combining and stand alone forms that are not adjectives. One of these words is “kup”.
The word “kup” means “able” or “can”. There has been some discrepancy as to whether or not “kup” is combined with the verb. While doing some research and logical reasoning, I have come up with the answer.
When saying that a person or thing “can” or “is able” to do something, “kup” is combined with the verb like so:
“Kup-stariben nash-veh” (I can speak)
”Kup-gla-tor (o)du” (You can see)
But to say that something is able:
“Nam-tor nash-veh kup” (I am able)
If you were to go back in this tumblr’s archives, however, you would find that I have not been following this rule. This is because I am also a student of the language and have just discovered this.